Although Portuguese troops had been involved for some time in the conflict with German forces in East Africa, the two countries were not officially at war. However, in 1916, at the request of her old ally Great Britain, Portugal commandeered over 70 German merchant vessels which had been sheltering in Portuguese ports, some since the begining of the war.
A Post WW2 Military Postal History display from Jim Mackay. A wide variety of postal history including repatriated, prisoner of war and displaced persons covers, items from the Nuremburg tribunal and Spandau camp, then campaign medal cards and covers from Japan, Canton Island and the RAF in New Zealand.
General concern about&'Fifth Columnists' in Britain, inflamed by the press and exacerbated by the invasion of Holland in May 1940, resulted in the internment of Category B aliens who had previously been subject to light restrictions.
The fall of France and Mussolini's declaration for the Axis prompted the 'Collar the lot' approach and those previously categorised C - largely refugees from Nazi oppression - were also interned.
The risk of invasion and increased internee numbers made Australia and Canada seem safer places to hold both internees and pows. Approaches were successful and Canada agreed to accept 7,000. This resulted in the transfer to Canada in June/July of some 4,000 enemy aliens with about 2,000 captured enemy combatants whose numbers were to be greatly increased by those captured in North Africa in 1942/3 and following D-Day in 1944.
Belmont Hospital Sutton Surrey
The Workhouse was closed in 1915 and in May 1917 a Hospital for POWs and internees was opened there with 875 beds rising to over 1000 the same year. By May l9l9 it held older weaker men from Alexandra Palace awaiting room at Islington and who were unsuitable for tents at Frith Hill
Stapleton was a village some 3 miles from the centre of Bristol. It was one of the smaller depots originally used for French naval prisoners but was extended and also took in military men. After the Treaty of Amiens it was one of the last to close.
The letter to his father tells of his capture in Spain and incarceration at Stapleton since the previous December. He advises that it is best to send his reply within an outer envelope addressed to the Commissioner of Marine atMorlaix, Finistere which would only have to be paid to Morlaix.
Prisoner of War Correspondence
Cover to Mrs Fisher, 110 Dartmouth Road, Willesden Green, London
No Postal Markings, Boxed Turkish Hand-stamp of face of cover.
Endorsed on Reverse “From Lt H A Cox P of War No 33 Kedos”
2nd Lieutenant Herbert Alexander Cox, 8th Battalion Hampshire Regiment
Various covers on RAF Censorship in WW2 in Burma, India and China..
RAF Christmas Cards from 1944 and 1946..
Official mail – presumably from the UK – to the AOC, AASF, who was Air Vice Marshall P.H.I.Playfair. Interesting m/s endorsement in red crayon: ‘By Air D.L.S.’ The HQ of the AASF was at Rheims..